L Blend Words: Word Lists & Worksheets (10 Free Printables)

Written by: Brooke Vitale


Teaching children how to read happens bit by bit, not all at once. The truth is, learning how to read begins long before children start actually stringing words together. 

Teaching children to read begins with mastering individual letter sounds. These sounds, called phonemes, make up all the sounds in the English language.

The first phonemes, or sounds, a child learns are those of the individual consonants. They must learn that the letter B makes a /b/ sound and that the letter S can make either a /s/ or a /z/ sound. They must understand that the letter J makes a /j/ sound, but so does the letter /g/—when it doesn't make a /g/ sound. Learning these sounds is at the heart of blending—or combining—sounds to form words.

Once a child has mastered consonant sounds, most will move on to short vowel sounds and CVC words. CVC, which stands for consonant-vowel-consonant introduces children to simple blending with words such as cat, sit, and mug.

At Charge Mommy Books, we focus on practicing CVC words one short vowel sound at a time. Breaking our books apart in this way enables children to master one sound at a time, rather than trying to master all of them at the same time.

Learning how to blending letter sounds together to form words is one of the hardest parts of reading. Practicing CVC words provides children with an opportunity to master that skill. But of course, most words in the English language aren’t CVC words. Most words are far more complex, and contain a variety of letter blends. That’s where consonant blends come in.

What Is a Consonant Blend?

A consonant blend is a series of consonants that appear together before or after a vowel in a word. 

In a consonant blend, each letter retains its own sound. For example in the word glue, you can hear both the /g/ and /l/ sounds. In the word flap, you can hear both the /f/ and /l/ sounds. These words are examples of L blends—words that blend the letter L with another letter.

Consonant blends can be made up of either two or three letters, and can appear at the beginning, middle, or end of a word.

Consonant blends that appear at the beginning of a word are called beginning blends. Some examples include the consonant clusters FL, PL, and SL.

Consonant blends that appear at the end of a word are called ending blends. These include consonant blends such as LT, LD, and LF.

Pro Tip: Consonant blends are different from digraphs, in which two consonants work together to make a single sound, or phoneme. Examples of digraphs include TH, QU, and PH.

What Are L Blends?

L blends are one of the few groups of consonant blends that can appear as both beginning and ending blends. Beginning L blends are consonant clusters that feature the letter L as the second letter.

Beginning L blends include:

bl cl fl
gl pl sl

L blends are often easier for children to both read and pronounce. For this reason, they are usually taught before other blends. 

Below is a comprehensive list of beginning L blend words. Words that children should be able to decode when first learning L blends have been italicized for ease of use.

When practicing L blends, it is advised to start with these and work up to the more challenging words as children’s phonics skills advance.

One of the best ways to practice L blends is with a dedicated L Blend book. Plum Plot: An L Blends Decodable Reader focuses specifically on words that feature L Blends.

Pam has a plan. She is going to clip the plump plums growing on her plot of land. But what can Pam turn her plums into? And what kind of mess will she end up making in the process?

L blends in this story: blast, blends, claps, clips, clumps, flat, flips, glad, glob, plan, plants, plops, plot, plugs, plum, plump, plums, slab, slips, splits

High-frequency words in this story: she, the

Additional consonant-blend words in this story: land, pond, spots

Beginning blend BL

BL words are L blend words that begin with the letter B, followed by the letter L.

Below is a list of 30 beginning BL-blend words.

black blackout bladder blade blame blank
blanket blast blaze bleak bleary bless
blimp blind blip blister blizzard boat
blob block blond bloom blot blotchy
blow blue bluejay blur blurry blush

Beginning blend CL

CL words are L blends that begin with the letter C, followed by the letter L.

Below is a list of 30 beginning CL-blend words.

claim clamp clan clang clap clash
clasp clay clean cleat clef clerk
cliff climax clinch clinic clink clip
clock clog clone closed clot cloth
cloud clover clown club cluck clue

Beginning blend FL

FL words are L blends that begin with the letter F, followed by the letter L.

Below is a list of 30 beginning FL-blend words.

flabby flag flake flame flap flash
flaw flea fleet flesh flew flex
flick flight flimsy flinch float flood
floor floral floss flour flourish flub
flume flush flute flask fling flow

Free Beginning Readers

Charge Mommy Books is committed to getting children the resources they need to learn how to read. But we know that not every parent and teacher around the world has access to our printed books. That's why we offer  free beginning reader books and resource on our site. Sample resources include:

  • PDF downloads of beginning reader books
  • Reader's theater
  • Decodable passages
  • Phonemic awareness activities
  • Seasonal activity packs

A picture displaying different free Charge into Reading Decodable Books and Passages.
All of these resources follow the same scope and sequence used in the Charge into Reading Decodable Reader Series

Beginning blend GL

GL words are L blends that begin with the letter G, followed by the letter L.

Below is a list of 30 beginning GL-blend words.

glad glade glam glamor glance gland
glare glass glaze gleaming glean glib
glide glimpse glint glitch glitter glob
global globe gloomy gloss glove glow
glucose glue glug glum glyph gory

Beginning blend PL

PL words are L blends that begin with the letter P, followed by the letter L.

Below is a list of 30 beginning PL-blend words.

place plague plaid plain plane planet
plant plasma plaster plastic platter play
plead please pleat pledge perish pliers
plop plotted plow pluck plume plump
lunge plural plus plush plenty plink

Beginning blend SL

SL words are L blends that begin with the letter S, followed by the letter L.

Below is a list of 30 beginning SL-blend words.

slate slaw slay sleek sleeve slept
sleuth slew slice slick slid slide
slight slime slimy sling slink slop
slob slope sloth slouch slow sludge
slug slump slurp slushy sly slim

Ending blend LD

LD words are L blends that begin with the letter L, followed by the letter D.

Below is a list of 15 ending LD-blend words.

bold build child field fold
gold held herald meld old
scaffold scald scold sold world

Ending blend LF

LF words are L blends that begin with the letter L, followed by the letter F.

Below is a list of 10 ending LF-blend words.

calf elf engulf golf gulf
half itself self shelf wolf

Ending blend LK

LK words are L blends that begin with the letter L, followed by the letter K.

Below is a list of 10 ending LK-blend words.

chalk folk hulk ilk milk
silk stalk sulk whelk walk

Pro Tip: While some LK words are easy to read, others can be quite challenging as the L is almost silent. Preread LK words before giving them to your children to ensure both sounds can be heard. 

Ending blend LP

LP words are L blends that begin with the letter L, followed by the letter P.

Below is a list of 6 ending LP-blend words.

scalp pulp whelp
help kelp gulp

Ending blend LT

LT words are L blends that begin with the letter L, followed by the letter T.

Below is a list of 15 ending LT-blend words.

adult belt built catapult dwelt
guilt halt insult knelt pelt
salt silt stilt tilt vault

Stage 2: Consonant Blends Decodable Reader Set

One of the best ways to practice consonant blends is by reading consonant blend specific books. While printed passages are good start, the sense of accomplishment a child feels from completing a physical book cannot be rivaled. This achievement can make a child feel like a "big kid."

Grounded in the Science of Reading and designed in consultation with Orton-Gillingham trained literacy specialist Marisa Ware, the Charge into Reading Decodable Readers take the guesswork out of learning to read!

The Consonant Blend Beginning Reader Set is perfect for children who know their letter sounds, have mastered reading (blending) CVC words, and are ready to begin decoding or "sounding out" consonant blends. Each book in the set focuses on a single type of consonant blend, building reading confidence one sound at a time. Compelling storylines paired with a strict scope and sequence make for a series that children won't just be ABLE to read, but that they will actually WANT to read.

What makes our books different?

Building on the short vowel sounds introduced in Stage 1: Short Vowel Sounds, each volume in this 5-book set focuses on a specific kind of consonant blend: L Blends, R Blends, S Blends, T Blends, and Word-Ending blends.

  • 5 humorous consonant-blend specific stories with a clear beginning, middle, and end that a beginning reader can ACTUALLY read.
  • 117 new consonant blend words.
  • 67% of all words are blends
  • Only 8 sight (high-frequency) words 
  • 8 pages of blend-specific literacy activities per book

How to Practice L Blends

Read decodable text

Keep in mind when working on consonant blends where a reader is in their ability. L blend words will be easier than R blend or T blend words, and will certainly be easier than digraphs, but will still be challenging for children who have not yet mastered blending CVC words. When first learning L blends, try to offer only words that include short vowel sounds. This will allow the reader to focus on the blend, rather than on the other sounds in the word. Text that contains only spelling patterns a child has already learned is known as decodable text.

Below is a sample of an L Blends decodable passage:

The Golf Club 
Slim clasps his golf club. 
Slim spots the flag. 
The flag flaps in the wind. 
Slim lifts the golf club. 
The club slams into a clod of sod. 
Slim slumps. 
Slim is bad at golf!


Encourage children to find L blends within written words BEFORE trying to read the words. One way to do this is by practicing scooping. Ask your children to look at a list of written words. Then encourage them to draw a scoop mark under the L blends, as in the image below. Encourage your child to identify whether the L blend is a beginning blend or an ending blend. Often words featuring L blends will be paired with other consonant blends, such as in slump or stalk. Ask your child whether there any other consonant blends in the word.

Highlighting Blends

Another way to find blends is by highlighting them. Rather than giving children individual words, provide them with full sentences or paragraphs. Moving one word at a time, encourage them to highlight the L blends they see. Reading words in this way forces children to look at the component letters of a word before reading it, which will help them to identify where the L blends sit.

Use sight cards

Create sight cards with pictures that children can identify. Rather than writing out the full word on the card, only include the letter blend. Then encourage the child to say the word aloud, listening for the two sounds the letter blend makes.

Create fluency grids

Encourage children to read through charts featuring each consonant blend separately, like the L blends fluency grid below:

blab clap fling blubber
fly cling glide help
hulk flap hold slang

Reading several of the same consonant cluster in a row helps build familiarity and will help readers to understand how the blend is formed and how it sounds in familiar words.

Remember, children do not need to memorize these consonant blends. They just need to recognize HOW to sound them out in order to be successful in reading them! And the more they practice, the more reading L blends will become second nature.

L Blends Activities

L Blends Picture Word Match

L Blends Picture Word Match

Sounding out words (and ultimately reading) begins with understanding letter sounds. This L blend activity encourages children to identify picture words that include a L blends.

L Blends Word Formation

L Blends Word Formation

Writing letters means understanding how they are formed. Build L blend words with this L blend word formation activity.

L Blends Scooping

L Blends Scooping

Being able to locate consonant blends is an important first step in being able to read more complex words. This consonant blend scooping activity encourages children to find the letter blends within a word, whether the blend appears at the beginning or end of the word.

L Blends Fill in the Blank

L Blends Scooping

Being able to figure out what letters are missing from a word is important for building word recognition and fluency. This L blends activity provides the end of each word, but asks the child to identify the beginning letter blend (also called the “onset”).

L Blends Word Bank

L Blends Word Bank

The ability to sound out words and figure out what letters they include is one of the first steps in reading and spelling. Ask your child to say each picture word. Then work with them to figure out what consonant blend the word uses and match it to the words in the word bank. This consonant blend activity focuses on the L blends.

L Blends Letter Formation

L Blends Letter Formation

Practice letter formation with this L blend worksheet. Writing letters means understanding how they are formed. And that means understanding how big or small a letter should be, and how high or low a letter should extend. Try drawing the sky, plane, grass, and worm lines for your child. Then teach them what lines each letter should touch!

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